While a part of those who prefer to move to new areas opt to move to big cities that offered urban amenities, another half of this group indicate future migration to new areas which are small cities, towns or peripheral regions. Their prime considerations of planning to move to such areas are the promising working opportunities. For them, it is also essential to work in the fields that similar to their educational backgrounds. As explained by Kazakis & Faggian (2017), many graduates use migration as a job-matching mechanism to optimize their return of education.
Thus, these intentions could lead them to move to escalator regions. As suggested by Fielding (1992), the escalator regions are those areas with suitable employment opportunities as well as promising track records for their future career development. Martel et al. (2013) add that these regions are usually far from metropolitan areas or major cities in a country, and sometimes could be remote areas or borderlands.
In Indonesia, these escalator regions include cities and towns in East Indonesia regions as well as mining areas in Kalimantan Island. Some of these future graduates have already specified their intended work companies. Other also mentioned the intention to participate in a government program of ‘Graduate Teaching’ to frontier, borderlands, and less developed areas that initiated by Ministry of Education. Similarly, Corcoran et al. (2010) reveal that some recent graduates might willing to take any job opportunities only to enter the workforce, although they might need to move to peripheral or remote areas for recent graduates. This situation, in particular, applied to the graduates with specialized skills, such as nurses, teachers, or mining engineers, are more likely to move to periphery or rural areas since they may gain more income advantage from government incentives to work at such places (McKenzie, 2009).
By Meirina Ayumi Malamassam, Research Center for Population
*) Full version available at Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia Vol. 12 No. 2 Desember 2017 145-154 : FUTURE STAYING PREFERENCES OF YOUTH MIGRANTS: CASE OF SLEMAN DISTRICT, SPECIAL REGION OF YOGYAKARTA