A survey of nine provinces in Indonesia shows that among the cases of hoax and misinformation, public awareness was highest for three issues - the presence of millions of Chinese labourers in Indonesia, resurgence of the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI), and criminalization of the ulama by the government.
The frequency of access to and the content of hoax and misinformation varied in correlation with educational background, geography, Internet access and local context.
The more highly educated respondents tend to have higher exposure to hoax and misinformation cases. Similarly, respondents with Internet access are more likely to be familiar with cases of hoax and misinformation than those without such access. However, the data also indicates that higher education and better access to information provide no assurance against being deceived by hoaxes and misinformation. In fact, post-graduate respondents registered higher tendency to believe that the government was criminalising the ulama.
Misinformation about the presence of millions of Chinese labourers in Indonesia is the most widely believed issue, especially in the urban areas, while the resurgence of PKI is the most widespread hoax in the rural areas.
Ibnu Nadzir, Sari Seftiani and Yogi Setya Permana